Where were the Pennsylvania Moores
in Different Years?
It is known that Anthony migrated
from Pennsylvania to Greene Co. Tennessee but it was a long and arduous
journey that probably had some stops along the way. Between Pennsylvania
and Tennessee was Virginia. Many who migrated to Tennessee made a brief
stop in Virginia before proceeding southward. There are several counties
in Tennessee, North Carolina and Virginia within close proximity to one
another prior to 1800: Lee, Russell, Washington and Grayson Counties of
Virginia border the northeast section of Tennessee (where Washington and
Greene Counties are located) and the northwest section of North Carolina (Ash,
Wilkes and Surry Counties). People who lived in Surry Co NC, Ash Co NC,
Wilkes Co NC, Lee Co VA, Russell Co VA, Washington Co VA Grayson Co VA,
Washington Co TN, Sullivan Co TN, Hawkins Co TN and Greene Co TN were all
within fairly close proximity to one another. What was once part of
Virginia or North Carolina may now be part of Tennessee, or vice versa.
There was a road from
Philadelphia through the upper and central points of Pennsylvania by way of
Juniata Creek and Fort Ligonier to Pittsburg. The distance from
Philadelphia to Pittsburg was about 320 miles. From there many of the
settlers took the road through the Valley of Virginia to Cumberland Gap by way
of Lexington and Crab Orchard, Kentucky, Cumberland Mountain, Powell Valley,
Abingdon, Boutetourt and Lexington Virginia; Staunton and Martinsburg West
Virginia (Thomas Speed: The Wilderness Road). Those who took
flat-boats down the Ohio River were those with very little baggage. It
is known that Anthony organized a company of families and it is assumed that
he chose the land route to secure their safety. Therefore, we can
reasonably assume that Anthony and his company were in Virginia for some
length of time - whether briefly passing through or perhaps staying several
months to gather needed provisions for the arduous trip further south.
The quote below from Goodspeed's History does not elaborate on the location of
Anthony's one-year preparation for the trip south. It is possible that
he was in Virginia raising a company. If so, it would place him Virginia
in 1777, the year of Jesse Moore's birth. If James Moore was with
Anthony, it's possible that James was the father of Jesse who was born in VA.
Anthony Moore came to East
Tennessee with his family in 1778. The latter, detained a year to raise a
company to go through what was then called "The Wilderness," liked the country
so well that he remained here, one of the earliest settlers of East Tennessee.
Source: Goodspeed's History of Greene County -- 1887
The reason this is being
pointed out is because there were several members of the Moore family who
eventually migrated to Knox and Laurel Co Kentucky who were born in Virginia -
namely: Jesse Moore (born about 1777) and Lemuel Moore (born about
1772). It is not known if Jesse and Lemuel were related to the family of
Anthony Moore (several other Moores were in Greene Co, TN in 1783 - assumed to
be his brothers), however in 1820 Jesse Moore was living next to Moses Moore
(who was in Greene Co TN prior to 1808) in Laurel Creek, Knox County,
Kentucky. In 1840 Lemuel Moore was living very near Jesse Moore in the
newly formed Laurel Co, KY. It can be reasonably assumed that Jesse
Moore was closely related to the family of Anthony Moore. As for Lemuel,
we don't know if Anthony's family was in Virginia in 1772. We do know
that Anthony served in the Revolutionary War until shortly before his trek
south. He served in the Third Company, Sixth Battalion, Northampton
County, Penn. Militia. Another Moore who was in Greene Co TN - Hugh
Moore - also served in the Revolutionary War out of Pennsylvania. It
seems unlikely that they were in Virginia in 1772. There were several
Moores who migrated to Greene Co TN along with Anthony including: Hugh,
Robert, Samuel and James. It's possible that some or all of these were
Anthony's brothers and one of them may be the father of Lemuel. We are
fairly certain that Lemuel was related to this family because in 1850 a James
Moore was living with him in Laurel Co KY. It was learned that this James
Moore was born in Greene Co TN. Lemuel's birth place of Virginia in 1772
does create a mystery. How could he be connected to the Moores in early
Greene Co TN and yet not be from the same region of the country where they
originated? Was there an error in the census records where his birth
place was obtained? That is possible also. Could it have been PA
instead of VA? There were Moores living in nearby Rockcastle Co KY when
Lemuel was in Laurel Co KY. At least one of those Moores (William Moore)
served in the Revolutionary War in the Virginia Line. It is possible
that Lemuel was related to the Moores in Rockcastle Co KY, however it is not
known if they came to Kentucky from Greene Co TN.
The following maps of early
Tennessee and North Carolina are presented to show that the region where
Anthony and his entourage lived in the years 1778 to 1783 were then part of
North Carolina, with very close proximity to four southern Virginia counties.
The region where Virginia, Tennessee and North Carolina border each other is
the region where the Moores settled in 1778/1779. It is possible that
several members of the Moore family were born in Virginia and/or North
Carolina (depending on the year of their birth).
Maps of Early North
Carolina and Tennessee
Directly to the west of North
Carolina in 1776 was the Territory of Tennessee. The District of
Washington shown in map #1 was eventually divided and part of it became
Washington Co, NC. See Map #2. It was just one or two years after
this occurred that Anthony Moore arrived in Tennessee Territory (1778/1779).
It wasn't until 1783 that Greene County was formed from Washington County.
See Map #3. Prior to that it is assumed that Anthony and his family were
in Washington Co, which was part of North Carolina until Tennessee was
admitted as a state in 1796.